Wisconsin Law Journal » Blog Archive » DNA testing rules may change
Further, he argued, “for situations in which there was no finding of probable cause to continue with criminal prosecution, access to someone’s DNA sample would be of no benefit to anyone in the legal system.” Under the provisions of the bill, a person who intentionally fails to submit a sample is subject to a fine of up to $10,000, up to nine months in prison or both. Destroying DNA Once an arrestee provides a sample, criminal attorneys worry that it may be difficult to have that sample destroyed later. The bills provide that crime labs must expunge DNA analysis from the databank if a [more...]
Date: 2010-02-15 19:08:42
Center Against Rape and Domestic Violence: Law and Order: SVU ...
When a person reports a sexual assault, she - or he - will be asked to undergo a sexual assault evidence collection kit (a "rape kit") exam, a four- to six-hour process to collect DNA evidence from his or her body. Rape kit testing can identify an unknown assailant, confirm a suspect's contact with the victim, corroborate the victim's account of the assault, identify serial rapists by connecting crime scene evidence from separate incidents, and exonerate innocent suspects. Yet experts, including the Department of Justice and members of Congress, have estimated that hundreds of thousands of [more...]
Date: 2010-09-29 23:52:00
Student Perspectives: North Carolina to Take DNA from Arrestees
Law enforcement practitioners developed several novel techniques to take advantage of the opportunities provided by DNA profiling such as DNA Dragnets, Familial Searching, or Phenotype DNA profiling. Arguably, these practices cause privacy concerns; however these practices have also helped police solve serious crimes. The courts agree that the taking of DNA from a person, by either a buccal swab or blood sample, constitutes a search, and must be reasonable to be authorized under the Fourth Amendment. Furthermore, the Court determined in Skinner v. Railway Labor Executives’ [more...]
Date: 2010-08-05 13:22:45
CT going after company that supplied faulty DNA kits used for ...
CT going after company that supplied faulty DNA kits used for criminal investigations The State of Connecticut is seeking a settlement with a California biotechnology company that supplied the State Police forensics laboratory with DNA testing kits that did not have the promised shelf life and may have caused the loss of some important evidence. While the test kits did not return false results – any information the state lab has reported is accurate – because chemicals in the test kits degraded faster than expected, in cases where only a very small amount of DNA was available, the kits [more...]
Date: 2010-10-10 13:30:12
Pretrial DNA Database Collection - Crime and Consequences Blog
Collecting DNA for the purpose of entering into a database is well-established practice for people convicted of certain crimes. Collecting DNA for this purpose from people merely accused is a more recent and more controversial development. Obviously, the usefulness of the database for solving unsolved crimes grows as the database grows. Congress authorized such collections in federal criminal cases in 42 U.S.C. §14135a and 18 U.S.C. §3142(b)&(c)(1)(A). A divided panel of the Ninth Circuit today upheld the use of these statutes in United States v. Pool, No. 09-10303. Look for this [more...]
Date: 2010-09-14 23:54:40
Obama Supports National DNA Database of 'Presumed Innocents ...
Obama Supports National DNA Database of ‘Presumed Innocents’ Posted by PUPPETGOV on Mar 29th, 2010 and filed under Big Brother, Headlines, New World Order, News. You can follow any responses to this entry through the RSS 2.0. You can skip to the end and leave a response. Pinging is currently not allowed. President Barack Obama recently expressed support for DNA sampling within the criminal procedure upon arrest by local, state and federal authorities. ~Infoshop News In an interview with “America’s Most Wanted” host John Walsh, President Obama “expressed strong [more...]
Date: 2010-03-29 15:24:05
Henry Porter - Police to trial while-you-wait DNA tests
29 September 2010, Thinq.co.uk Police will soon have the means to grab someone's genetic sample and run it through the national DNA database while waiting in the street, if early trials by military industrial giant Lockheed Martin are successful. Handheld genetic scanners are on the drawing board, while the first suit-case-sized prototype will be tested by police forces within the year. The RapI.D. DNA test technology will give police unprecedented power to identify someone and check them against a criminal database. "We expect to be able to conduct genetic ID testing in under one hour," [more...]
Date: 2010-09-29 17:19:27
India may soon have DNA database to crack crime [Science] | Times ...
0 Comments | Times of India, The, Sep 16, 2010 | by Menon, Priya M CHENNAI: The FBI has a DNA index system. The UK has a similar database. And if Parliament passes the DNA Profiling Bill, 2007, India will soon join the league, creating a national DNA database that will help police arrest serial offenders and give a boost to forensic investigation. "The bill, drafted and sent to all ministries and departments for their feedback, has been modified. The final version has been sent to the law ministry, which has sent it to the legal department for final drafting," says Dr J Gowrishankar, head [more...]
Date: 2010-09-16 07:00:00
Technology Review: A Portable DNA Detector
A new portable DNA analyzer performs real-time analysis of blood samples left at the scene of a crime. Researchers at the University of California, Berkeley, developed the device, which packs microfluidics, electronics, optics, and chemical detection technology into a single briefcase-sized unit. "While previous groups have developed lab-on-a-chip systems, none of them have succeeded in making a completely portable, robust system that can be used at a scene," says team leader Richard Mathies. On-site CSI: After a blood sample is collected from the scene of a crime, this briefcase-sized [more...]
Date: 2008-09-24 04:00:00
New forensic test can match suspects' DNA with crime samples in 4 ...
Browse > Home / Technology / New forensic test can match suspects’ DNA with crime samples in 4 hours (ChattahBox) – As we have seen even in high profile cases, getting confirmation on a DNA hit can take a very long time. But a newly developed test could make checking DNA from people arrested for crimes with DNA samples from crime scenes stored in forensic databases almost as easy as matching fingerprints. With the test, police could check on whether a person’s DNA matches that found at past crime scenes while suspects are still being processed and before a decision on whether to [more...]
Date: 2010-08-04 17:57:32
Dog DNA Used To Fight Abuse « Oliver Willis
Called the Canine Codis, or Combined DNA Index System, the database is similar to the Federal Bureau of Investigation’s digital archive containing the DNA profiles of criminal offenders. Scientists say that by swabbing the inner cheek of a dog, they will be able to determine whether the animal comes from one of several known dog-fighting bloodlines. Topic: Dog Related PostsTea Party, Joe The Plumber Are PRO-Puppy MillNo, Pay Attention To MeKids + DogsDachshunds Ranked 7th Most Popular Dog« Shorter Jon Kyl Obama Gives The Press The Slip » One Response to “Dog DNA Used To Fight [more...]
Date: 2010-06-26 21:57:15
DNA Criminal Investigation, Crime Prevention And Detection
DNA can be taken from a suspect and checked against the National DNA Database. DNA taken from other crime scenes may be linked to that person. DNA can positively identify offenders through DNA taken from discontinuance relatives. [more...]
Date: 2010-09-30 13:13:30
Britain to launch criminal shoe database_11419
“The technology, like the DNA database, has no upper limits as far I am aware,” Piercy told reporters. “We will be putting all the footwear we currently hold in the Forensic Science Service on the database.” Footwear marks can be found on all types of surfaces – carpets, mud and bodies for example. The database will help detectives link the footwear to the crime and to an individual when a suspect is identified, in what is called the Cinderella analysis. The comparison between the database sample and a cast or photograph of the footwear mark from the crime scene can be made [more...]
Date: 2010-10-01 08:04:16
Say Anything » House Votes To Expand National DNA Database To ...
House Votes To Expand National DNA Database To Include People Arrested But Not Convicted The vote was 357 – 32, with all 32 no votes coming from Republicans. If approved by the Senate, and signed into law by the President, it would have the federal government paying states (with money it doesn’t have, naturally) to extract from every single arrestee a DNA sample whether the person arrested is ultimately convicted or not. Innocent? Doesn’t matter. In the database you go. Millions of Americans arrested for but not convicted of crimes will likely have their DNA forcibly extracted and added [more...]
Date: 2010-05-21 00:56:46
Feedback from Interpol DNA User's Conference | DNA Project - South ...
This time last week I was sitting at the Interpol Headquarters in Lyon, France listening to the Chief of the USA FBI CODIS Unit talk about International DNA Exchange methods. This was only one of approximately 35 fascinating presentations delivered by representatives from over 50 countries. As you may well imagine, participating in a conference of this magnitude was extraordinary, and the value of being able to interact with the other representatives: priceless. A special mention of thanks needs to go to our generous sponsor, The Open Society Foundation for South Africa, which enabled us to [more...]
Date: 2010-09-29 10:51:03
The Crime Report » Archive » DNA Database For Dogs To Help ...
Scientists are hoping that a new DNA database for dogs will help track — and prosecute — people who breed dogs to fight, reports KQED radio. Advocates say there’s a risk that the DNA records could be used against the dogs, or against people who adopt them. The idea is to have a canine version of the FBI’s CODIS — a database of human DNA that is used to connect criminals to crime scenes. In this case, the DNA might help prove that breeders supplied dogs to a dogfighting ring. In a Missouri case, DNA samples from dogs proved that these weren’t just random pound dogs. They were [more...]
Date: 2010-09-28 12:05:57
Feline Fur Flushes Out Felons
The hair cats leave in their owners' homes through their frequent grooming can help authorities to catch criminals. Here, Catster member Leo shows off his grooming technique. New research has revealed that cat fur can help to identify and convict criminals. Dr. Leslie Lyons, a cat genetics expert, pioneered the research. Lyons, who works at the University of California Davis School of Veterinary Medicine, was already compiling information on cat DNA, when she had an “A-ha!” moment. “I’m a big fan of CSI: Crime Scene Investigation,” she says. In two episodes of [more...]
Date: 2010-09-29 14:43:50
New York criminal justice official urges bigger DNA database...
Defender411 Criminal Justice Items of Interest, Often Bizarre and [more...]
Date: 2010-08-20 16:09:26
Judge orders LoPorto, McInerney to submit DNA samples - troyrecord.com
Feit, in papers filed with the court, had argued Smith has no authority under the law to seek DNA via a search warrant. Herrick disagreed and ruled the judge-appointed Smith was working in the same capacity a district attorney would, but Feit was adamant outside the courtroom. “That is based on law. This is a nation of laws, I believe,” he said. Both Feit and Long called Smith’s request for DNA a “fishing expedition” in their papers and expressed privacy concerns about whether the DNA samples would enter a database of criminals if no match is made and no charges are brought. Herrick [more...]
Date: 2010-09-15 08:20:11
French National DNA Database Found Constitutional, with Reservations
The French Constitutional Council recently reviewed the constitutionality of several articles of the Code of Criminal Procedure relating to the National DNA Database. This database was initially created in 1998 and was designed to include only the genetic data of convicted sexual offenders. Its content was further extended to cover other serious offenses and to include suspected offenders by various laws. The Council rejected arguments that the provisions violated principles on the safeguarding of human dignity and the inviolability of the human body, respect for private life, presumption of [more...]
Date: 2010-10-05 08:15:02
DNA fingerprinting and electrophoresis « Biology & Geology 4 ESO
The process must be repited several times with different selections of enzymes to build up a detailed fingerprint. DNA fingerprinting has many applications: Paternity and maternity: as some specific DNA patterns are inherited you can prove genetic relations between people (familiar relations). Criminal Identification and Forensics: DNA from samples in a crime scene can be compared with the DNA of a criminal suspect. Personal Identification: DNA can be used to identify yourself, but this doesn’t seem practical as the process is too complex and having a DNA database is expensive. Further [more...]
Date: 2010-03-28 12:14:49
Olive Tree Genealogy Blog: Good Morning America featuring a ...
Lorine McGinnis Schulze I'm an incurable genealogist as well as avid collector of antiques. I have a collection of over 3,000 cdvs (Cartes de Visite) from the Civil War era and am running out of room for all my antique photo albums View my complete profile 12 Months of Finding Ancestors (3) 1837 Rebellion (1) 1861 Canada Census (4) 1881 Census (4) 1891 Canada Census (1) 1911 United Kingdom Census (2) 1930 American Census (2) 25 Most Popular Genealogy Blogs (1) A Huron Carol. Christmas Carols (1) A Y Jackson (1) Abandoned in Australia (4) Abstract Indexes to Deeds (1) African American [more...]
Date: 2010-10-13 02:27:00
Legislation Watch: Crimes Amendment (Forensic Procedures) Bill 2010
Elucubrator, 7 October 2010 12:54 PM I'm not sure of the purpose of this Bill: it smacks a little of grandstanding. Today is the last day that Parliament sits before the election is held on 24 November, when the Parliament is prorogued. At Bills before the House will then lapse, and must be re-introduced in the next session. That is — back to square one for the whole process. Perhaps the ALP is just testing the water? Dr Manhattan, 7 October 2010 1:55 PM Don't know, but I suspect you're right about the trial balloon. When introducing the Bill, Rob Hulls left open the door to either [more...]
Date: 2010-10-06 11:29:00
DNA database quango calls for greater transparency | Kable
The National DNA Database Ethics Group has said there needs to be an auditable process for databases used in parallel with the National DNA Database In its annual report 2009-2010, the group says it will explore what steps are necessary to regularise police databases that run alongside the DNA Database. They include systems holding information relevant to counter terrorism, missing persons and contamination elimination. "Their purposes need to be clearly defined, with robust oversight and standards in place. They also need to be transparent. The existence of these databases raises a risk of [more...]
Date: 2010-08-06 08:37:18
Rape Kit Examination Leads to Solving Crimes - The Daily Beast
Like many victims, the courageous teen spent the next several hours in a hospital emergency room, where doctors examined her and prepared an evidence collection kit that they knew could supply a forensic link to the stranger who committed the devastating crime. The exams are intrusive and impersonal, too, yet survivors submit to them in hopes that the results will bring a perpetrator to justice. But there were no DNA databanks operative at that time, and no suspect against whom to compare the DNA left on the young woman's body. So her evidence kit was stored alongside thousands of others in [more...]
Date: 2010-09-29 02:42:17
OfficialWire: North American Biometrics Market - New Market Report ...
Unique technologies such as brain fingerprinting, DNA fingerprinting, and skin printing are poised to propel the market forward in the long term. Although the outlook for the market is bright, there are some impediments slowing its momentum. The economic slowdown had cast a shadow over the market, and the financial and consumer sectors felt its impact the most. In the government sector, projects were delayed; however, there were few cancellations. Government-backed projects typically have long sales cycles and can sometimes stretch over a year before completion, depending on the complexity [more...]
Date: 2010-10-12 04:00:00
Criminal identity Theft by www.compareshreddingcompanies.co.uk
The victim might need to locate the original arresting officers and prove their own identity by some reliable means such as fingerprinting or DNA fingerprinting, and may need to go to a court hearing to be cleared of the charges. Obtaining an wiping of court records may also be required. Authorities might permanently maintain the victim’s name as an alias for the criminal’s true identity in their criminal records databases. One problem that victims of criminal identity theft may encounter is that various data aggregators might still have the incorrect criminal records in their databases [more...]
Date: 2010-09-22 19:51:59
State labs chip away at DNA testing backlog | California Watch
California law enforcement agencies have received $43 million in federal cash since 2004 to reduce the state’s DNA testing backlog. That figure – from the U.S. Justice Department’s DNA Initiative – is far more than any other state collected, with Texas coming in second with $30 million in funding. Not everyone’s a proponent of such efforts. Christopher Heaney and Sara Huston Katsanis, researchers at Duke University’s Institute for Genome Sciences and Policy, argue that targeting arrestees' DNA can be a misallocation of resources that, interestingly, ensures more money in the [more...]
Date: 2010-07-19 07:05:11
UC Davis News & Information :: Dog-fighting DNA database ...
This includes 400 original and initial samples of dog DNA supplied by the Humane Society of Missouri and collected from dogs that were seized in July 2009 during the nation’s largest dog-fighting raid. The database is similar to the FBI’s human CODIS, a computerized archive that stores DNA profiles from criminal offenders and crime scenes and is used in criminal and missing-person investigations. DNA analysis and matching through the canine database, available for a fee only to law enforcement agencies, will help to identify relationships between dogs. This will enable investigators to [more...]
Date: 2010-06-16 07:00:00
National DNA database and psychiatric patients | Frontier Psychiatrist
The advent of DNA analysis as a powerful tool for crime detection has led to the creation of England and Wales’s National DNA Database (NDNAD). This is one of the world’s largest databases of DNA information, storing profiles of nearly five million individuals (1). We write to raise a concern about the potential impact of this database on people with mental disorders. The NDNAD has long been the subject of scrutiny and criticism with regards to how DNA profiles are collected and retained and from whom. This is because the current regulations on DNA profile collection mean that the NDNAD [more...]
Date: 2010-09-08 08:47:31
Tampa Criminal Lawyer Uses DNA Evidence to Help Exonerate Innocent ...
However, the use of DNA to secure convictions has been growing at a fast pace for many years. The people who are not benefiting from DNA testing are the people who may be wrongfully accused and convicted before DNA was routinely tested and are now being denied access to this important evidence that could one day set them free. Federal authorities have been collecting DNA samples from everyone detained or arrested since the passing of the 2005 DNA Fingerprint Act. NDIS – the FBI’s national DNA database gets more than one million DNA files per year and CODIS, an FBI indexing unit that [more...]
Date: 2009-09-16 00:29:10
Crime Lab DNA Databases Under the Microscope
Researchers in the field of DNA forensics are calling for the FBI to improve the quality of its sizable genetic database by letting them look under the hood. As Osagie Obasogie explains, reviews of a handful of state crime lab DNA databases have revealed anomalies that might not make prosecutors’ claims that a crime-scene sample matching a profile in the database is “slam dunk” evidence. Genetic information is a powerful law enforcement tool—both for catching criminals and for exonerating the innocent, but both uses require robust, accurate science. Yet quality of the information in [more...]
Date: 2010-04-07 07:00:00
How familial DNA can help crime victims
Using a familial DNA search, the crime lab compared the DNA left at the crime scenes with DNA samples in California's database of 1.3 million felons to search for near matches indicating possible relatives. The familial DNA search turned up 200 partial matches. Researchers then compared the Y chromosome (which is passed from father to son) found at the crime scene to the 200 partial matches. Only one result turned up: Franklin Jr.'s son, who had been convicted of a felony weapons charge. The police subsequently surveilled Franklin Jr. and directly connected him to the serial killings using [more...]
Date: 2010-07-30 13:01:05
Top 10 Cutting-Edge Advances in CSI Technology
Investigators itching to retrieve a fingerprint, but hesitant to disturb material that could be subjected to DNA analysis, may soon be able to use a non-contact retrieval technique. 5. Portable Laser How many people can brag that they carry a portable laser to work? Now smaller, lighter, and more powerful than ever, investigators can use this high-tech tool to find more trace evidence and process crime scenes faster, and we all know that time is of the essence in crime fighting. Nothing short of amazing, even a miniscule piece of a nearly-invisible blond hair found using laser [more...]
Date: 2010-10-06 16:59:00
Report: Israeli scientists discover way to counterfeit DNA ...
New York Times reports Israeli firm created blood and saliva samples containing DNA from a third party. By Haaretz Service Israeli scientists have shown it is possible to fabricate DNA evidence, according to an article published in the New York Times on Tuesday.The findings could possibly call into question the credibility of DNA as evidence in criminal cases. In their tests, the scientists fabricated blood and saliva samples that contained DNA taking from a different person, the New York Times reported. The article states that the scientists also could take a DNA profile in a database and [more...]
Date: 2010-10-01 16:54:47
Report: Israeli scientists discover way to counterfeit DNA ...
Israeli scientists have shown it is possible to fabricate DNA evidence, according to an article published in the New York Times on Tuesday.The findings could possibly call into question the credibility of DNA as evidence in criminal cases. In their tests, the scientists fabricated blood and saliva samples that contained DNA taking from a different person, the New York Times reported. The article states that the scientists also could take a DNA profile in a database and use it to make a DNA sample to match the profile without needing any tissue from the person. The article quotes the lead [more...]
Date: 2010-10-01 05:00:00
The Need to Know: DNA Testing on Exhumed Bodies and Genetic ...
In addition to the circus of exhumation, DNA testing has been used increasingly in the much more sobering realms of solving criminal cases and identifying the remains of unknown soldiers. And through programs like National Geographicâs The Genographic Project, each of us, for about $100, can receive a participation kit and contribute to scientific efforts to more thoroughly understand the history of humankind. The cheek swabs we send through the mail to Genographic are offered in the name of scientific discovery. Very different are state laws that require criminals to submit genetic [more...]
Date: 2010-07-28 06:00:52
ConservativeHome: Monday 25th February 2008
11.30pm ToryDiary: ComRes gives Tories 11% lead 6pm CentreRight updates: Cameron Watt on a new play starring ex-cons Conor Burns in praise of Clare Short Harry Phibbs in defence of Chelsea tractors Jill Kirby has a problem with "divorce by email" Peter Franklin is depressed by BBC presenters 5.30pm ToryDiary: Portillo programme on Thatcher 4.30pm PlayPolitical: Hillary Clinton mocks Obama's rhetoric and is compared to an obsessive student running for school president 12.30pm ToryDiary: 51% agree that Brown is a ditherer 10.15am Local government: Westminster Council works with supermarkets to [more...]
Date: 2008-02-25 07:50:34
EXCLUSIVE: How They Caught Grim Sleeper Suspect Lonnie David ...
Sources tell Los Angeles Weekly that the serial killer was caught through familial DNA testing after his son was arrested and had to give up a DNA swab. A month ago, LAPD detective Dennis Kilcoyne said LAPD was going to try another controversial "familial DNA" matching probe, testing against 1 million samples in the California felon database to find the killer's cousin, brother or uncle. "At least it brings a little bit of closure," Laverne Peters, the mother of victim Janecia Peters, told LA Weekly today. "It is very good news for me. I don't know whether to cry or scream." The science of [more...]
Date: 2010-07-07 21:55:24
Johnson: Give DNA Storage Plans A Chance
Shadow Home Secretary calls on coalition government for period of grace before binning potential evidence ... The Shadow Home Secretary has suggested that the DNA of those arrested should be held for the next six years to determine if there is a firm case for doing so. During a debate at the APA-ACPO conference, Alan Johnson told Policing and Justice Minister Nick Herbert that using stored DNA to check against evidence found at crime scenes is a valuable weapon in detecting crime. The new coalition government has pledged reform of the national DNA database amid concerns that samples of [more...]
Date: 2010-07-01 07:07:00